The sexual 알바 workers emphasized the highly paid salaries, as well as kinds of autonomy and flexibility afforded by their job in the sexual sector. This was done in the context of a restricted labor market for women. The framework of a formal labor market is where choices about job opportunities within the sector are being made by women. Women who work in Japan’s adult entertainment business are very worried about the dangers that come with working in an industry that offers very little safeguards against potential hazards.
When Japan enters a recession, the roles available to housekeepers are growing increasingly in demand; this is because hostess occupations are some of the most lucrative employment accessible to women. According to Atsushi Miura, an expert in this industry, hostesses will continue to be popular with Japanese women so long as there are not many other high-paying employment available in the country. According to the article, as a result of Japan’s deteriorating economy, there are less possibilities available to younger women. This is especially true when considering the comparatively higher earnings that hostesses can demand. As a result, the positions are becoming more glamorous and desired.
As a kind of employment, a growing percentage of Japanese women tend to believe that hosting, which can easily pay one hundred thousand dollars per year, or even up to three hundred thousand dollars for top performers, makes financial sense. Since the typical hourly compensation for these professions is around one thousand yen, it is easy to see why hosting is a far more lucrative alternative for unmarried women and even married women. There are a number of university students who work part-time jobs at Kyabakura in order to make spending money or to help cover the cost of their tuition. Many of Kyabakura’s hosts believe that being a hostess is a career that pays better than a number of other jobs that are available for those who do not have a significant amount of education or specialized skills.
When it comes to providing entertainment for groups of wage employees after work, kyabakura hosts have been compared to their more traditional counterparts, the geishas. Older males, who did not like the extremely young girls and preferred ladies who were closer to their own ages, were the target audience for the club hosts, who provided entertainment for the older men. In addition to the hostesses clubs, there are also a significant number of clubs in Japan that specifically cater to the needs of the female population.
Hostess clubs are a typical part of the late-night entertainment scene in Japan, as well as in other nations and regions in East Asia and other places with significant Japanese populations. The term “Mizu Shobai,” which literally translates to “water trade,” refers to a kind of enterprise that operates within the nightlife entertainment sector of the Japanese economy. This enterprise includes hostess clubs and hosts. There are approximately 13,000 establishments in Tokyo alone that offer nightly entertainment with hosts (and a few with men). These establishments range from clubs that are exclusive to members and are frequented by politicians and corporate executives to more affordable clubs that feature stand-up comedy.
While though the majority of businesses employ males to attract customers by advertising on the street, the obligation of doing so might sometimes fall on the hostess, who is often someone who has just arrived at the company. A hosutokurabu, sometimes spelled hosutokurabu, is a club that is very similar to a hosts club, with the exception that the female clients pay to be served by the male staff. Both Hosutokurabu and Kyabakura service clients, however Hosutokurabu focuses on women, while Kyabakura caters to men; both businesses use the same basic model, but cater to different demographics.
It is customary for the hostess at a kyabakura not to have sexual contact with her clients, and it is frowned upon for males to touch the breasts or other areas of a woman’s body. Nevertheless, it seems that more establishments are becoming permissive of this practice in recent years. Kyabakura hosts often also employ a female bartender who is typically very well versed in the art of mixing drinks and who could also serve as the mamasan or head of staff [citation required]. A recent article published in The New York Times provided an overview of the Japanese profession of kyabakura, which entails providing sexual entertainment to male customers at establishments where patrons pay significant sums of money to engage in sexual activity with younger women and drink with them (services which generally involve no prostitution).
While hosting does not include prostitution, religious and women’s rights organizations point out that hosts may feel forced into having sex with clients and that hosting may be a route to join the enormous underground sex industry in Japan. There are situations in which it is done lawfully, but there will always be a large amount of masculine opposition to the concept that the mizu-shobai business is a site of class exploitation. Instead of concentrating on the hosts, it makes more sense to investigate the mentalities of the guys who attend these events. These men are willing to spend significant sums of money to be entertained, fed, and catered to by women dressed in short skirts and wearing heavy makeup.
Nonetheless, many women believe that being a hostess is easier than working a desk job, and they particularly like the fact that their employment enables them to dress in a fashionable manner and that they are routinely acknowledged as being of a certain gender by those of the opposite gender. One club recruiter said that some women bring their moms with them to interviews, which is something that would have never occurred in the past when hostesses were accorded a higher level of respect. Typically, the guys who become hosts were those who were either unable to find employment in a white-collar field or were drawn to the possibility of earning larger salaries via commissions.
Studies have revealed the complexities of the internal gender dynamics, and at times even the tensions, between hosts. They have also revealed how male customers frequently serve to alleviate problems among hosts, as well as among hosts and mom-sans. While the clubs hostess roles are obviously gendered, in that women provide services to men, these studies have also revealed the complexities of the internal gender dynamics. Because of these factors, there is a greater amount of pressure placed upon women to achieve economic autonomy. However, for women who have lower levels of education and lower levels of social capital — both of which are the results of coming from a nonurban working-class background — the occupation of hostess is one of the few jobs that offers higher incomes and independence at younger ages. At one end of the spectrum, hosts may be high-end clubs in the Ginza neighborhood, while at the other end, they can be sex workers from immigrant communities who are forced to labor under circumstances similar to indentured servitude.
Women who are employed in the adult entertainment sector in Tokyo are appreciative of the caring services they are able to provide as a result of what they believe to be their contributions to the health and productivity of male professionals in white-collar jobs. These facts tend to undermine economic empowerment arguments, namely that the sex worker industry is a good social welfare system that transfers money from corporations (via entertainment budgets) and from middle-class men to working-class women. Specifically, this argument asserts that the sex worker industry transfers money from corporations to working-class women.
The hostess club in which one of my acquaintances worked was staffed mostly by Filipina women, including the two mothers who were in charge of running the establishment. The number of employment applications received by one club recruiter has increased by around 100% since the recession began, reaching approximately forty each week.